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Organele retroperitoneale

Retroperitoneal organs are the organs in the body found behind the membranous structure of the abdominal cavity known as the peritoneum. These can be divided into primary and secondary retroperitoneal structures, with primary organs including the kidneys, bladder, ureter, rectum and uterus Retroperitoneal refers to the back of the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the anatomical space in the abdominal cavity. The retroperitoneal space technically is outside of the peritoneum, between the abdomen and the back. It sometimes is referred to as the retroperitoneum or extraperitoneum because of its location The retroperitoneal space is the space between your peritoneum and your posterior abdominal wall. In less complicated terms, it's the space in your abdomen between your abdominal cavity (the area..

What Are Retroperitoneal Organs? (with pictures

  1. The retroperitoneal space (retroperitoneum) is the anatomical space (sometimes a potential space) behind (retro) the peritoneum. It has no specific delineating anatomical structures. Organs are retroperitoneal if they have peritoneum on their anterior side only
  2. al cavity belonging to the gastrointestinal system and is situated behind the intraperitoneal space. Thus it is not lined by the peritoneum. These organs are mainly associated with posterior body wall that includes the aorta, inferior vena cava, kidneys and suprarenal glands
  3. Traumatisme pancreatice » Secțiunea: Boli și afecțiuni. Traumatismele pancreatice sunt leziuni ce survin rar datorită localizării retroperitoneale a pancreasului, dar care sunt extrem de grave și sunt asociate cu o rată mare a mortalității și morbidității. Traumatismele pancreatice apar frecvent asociate cu leziuni ale altor organe ce se produc frecvent datorită unor accidente.
  4. The kidneys, and the large vessels - the aorta and the inferior vena cava- are the main (primary) retroperitoneal organs. In the left image, the dashed blue line indicates the peritoneum. The bladder, the cervix of the uterus and the last part of the rectum lie subperitoneal
  5. The retroperitoneal space(retroperitoneum) is the anatomical space (sometimes a potential spacebehind (retro) the peritoneum. It has no specific delineating anatomical structures. Organs are retroperitoneal if they have peritoneum on their anterior side only

What is Retroperitoneal? (with pictures) - Info Bloo

The retroperitoneal space is the area that lies between the sublumbar muscles and the peritoneum. It contains the medial iliac (sublumbar) lymph nodes, the kidneys, the prostate gland, the adrenal glands, the aorta, and the caudal vena cava. Part of each ureter lies within it. It normally contains an amount of fat, which provides contrast Retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) is a rare tumor whose diagnosis and management can be challenging and for which management requires a multidisciplinary team in a specialized center The extraperitoneal space is the portion of the abdomen and pelvis which does not lie within the peritoneum.. It includes: Retroperitoneal space, situated posteriorly to the peritoneum; Preperitoneal space, situated anteriorly to the peritoneum . Retropubic space, deep to the pubic bone; Retro-inguinal space, deep to the inguinal ligament; The space in the pelvis is divided into the following. This is a brief video tutorial outlining the retroperitoneal space, retroperitoneal organs (SAD PUCKER), muscles of the posterior abdominal wall and an intro..

Organele pot fi asociate în sisteme sau aparate pentru îndeplinirea unei funcții. (restul tubului digestiv, glandele anexe acestuia - ficat, pancreas, peritoneul, organe retroperitoneale - rinichi, căi urinare etc.) Vezi și Vezi și: Anatomie,. Anatomy of the Retroperitoneum The retroperitoneum extends from the diaphragm superiorly to the pelvis inferiorly and is situated between the posterior parietal peritoneum anteriorly and the transversalis fascia posteriorly. The retroperitoneum is broadly divided into the anterior and posterior pararenal, perirenal, and great vessel spaces De exemplu, unele organe retroperitoneale includ duodenul, pancreasul, rinichiul, colonul ascendent și descendent, rectul etc. Prin urmare, diferența principală dintre spațiul intraperitoneal și cel retroperitoneal este poziția lor și organele apar în ele Check out this preview to our tutorial on retroperitoneum which looks at the retroperitoneal organs found posterior to the parietal peritoneum. Take a closer..

Retroperitoneal Inflammation: Symptoms, Causes, and Risk

Retroperitoneal structures include the rest of the duodenum, the ascending colon, the descending colon, the middle third of the rectum, and the remainder of the pancreas.Other organs located in the retroperitoneal space are the kidneys, adrenal glands, proximal ureters, and renal vessels Moreover, some organs such as kidneys are primary retroperitoneal organs as the complete organ is located in the retroperitoneal space. However, some organs are secondary retroperitoneal organs, which develop intraperitoneally and then become retroperitoneal organs. Some examples of secondary retroperitoneal organs are duodenum, rectum, etc The retroperitoneal organs are subcategorized into fundamentally retroperitoneal and optionally retroperitoneal organs. The essential organs are those that create and stay underneath the parietal peritoneum. Up to this point, the kidneys are the main organs that fall into this classification and are consequently an exemption to the general term. Description. The retroperitoneal space (retroperitoneum) is the anatomical space (sometimes a potential space) in the abdominal cavity behind the peritoneum.. It has no specific delineating anatomical structures. Organs are retroperitoneal if they have peritoneum on their anterior side only 1 Definition. Retroperitoneal is a term used to discribe structures and organs which are just anteriorly coverd by peritoneum.. 2 Classification. The classification is given by the different development of the organs within the abdominal cavity. 2.1 Primarily retroperitoneal. Primarily retroperitoneal organs develop and remain anteriorly covered by peritoneum

Extraperitoneal (including retroperitoneal) Extraperitoneal structures are outside the peritoneal cavity. They have been lying outside the peritoneal cavity from the very beginning of the embryological development. They are embedded in connective tissue and are therefore immobile. The locations of retroperitoneal structures on a cross-section Retroperitoneal sarcomas occur in the retroperitoneum. This is an area behind the peritoneum, the lining of the abdominal space that covers the abdominal organs. The retroperitoneum is located inside the abdomen and pelvis, behind the abdominal lining, where organs such as the main blood vessels, the kidneys, the pancreas and the bladder are found Retroperitoneal structures Structures that lie behind the peritoneum are termed retroperitoneal. Organs that were once suspended within the abdominal cavity by mesentery but migrated posterior. The adrenal glands are retroperitoneal organs that lie on the upper pole of each kidney. They are surrounded by perinephric fat. The right adrenal gland is triangular and caps the upper pole of the right kidney. It extends medially behind the inferior vena cava and rests posteriorly on the diaphragm

Structures contained in the retroperitoneal space, in particular the aorta, the inferior vena cava, the iliac vessels, the kidneys, and the adrenals, can be operatively approached transabdominally or via the retroperitoneal approach. Table 1 Abdominal Components Intraperitoneal organs Gastrointestinal Stomach Small intestine Transverse colon Live His temperature is 99.0°F (37.2°C), blood pressure is 95/58 mmHg, pulse is 115/min, and respirations are 20/min. Physical examination reveals an entry wound in the left abdominal quadrant just inferior to the left lateral costal border. Abdominal CT suggests that the bullet is lodged in a retroperitoneal structure

When lymph nodes of the abdominal cavity (known as the retroperitoneum) become enlarged, there are many potential reasons for this, and not all of them are cancerous. In fact, in most cases, cancer is the last concern on the list. 1 . Still, there are certain patterns of enlargement that are concerning and require more extensive evaluation. The Diagnosis and Management of Retroperitoneal Sarcoma. September 18, 2018. Sinziana Dumitra, MD, MSc, FRCSC , Alessandro Gronchi, MD. Retroperitoneal sarcoma is a rare tumor whose diagnosis and management can be challenging and for which management requires a multidisciplinary team. Oncology (Williston Park). 32 (9):464-9

Abdominal/Retroperitoneal Ultrasound . An Abdominal Ultrasound produces a picture of the organs and other structures in the upper abdomen, encompassing the liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, aorta, both kidneys and the bladder, through the use of high frequency sound waves that are displayed in a real time image Retroperitoneal masses not arising from major solid organs are uncommon. Although there is no simple method of classifying retroperitoneal masses, a reasonable approach is to consider the masses as predominantly solid or cystic and to subdivide these into neoplastic and nonneoplastic masses Retroperitoneal organs are covered anteriorly (in front) by peritoneum and posteriorly by posterior (back) abdominal wall. Retroperitoneal space is divided in to upper and lowers retroperitoneal space. Organs and viscera are confined in either one of the two retroperitoneal spaces or entire upper and lower retroperitoneal space as described below

The peritoneum is the serous membrane forming the lining of the abdominal cavity or coelom in amniotes and some invertebrates, such as annelids.It covers most of the intra-abdominal (or coelomic) organs, and is composed of a layer of mesothelium supported by a thin layer of connective tissue.This peritoneal lining of the cavity supports many of the abdominal organs and serves as a conduit for. Retroperitoneal fibrosis occurs when tissue grows on or around your abdomen but not within your peritoneum (the membrane surrounding your organs of digestion). It can affect veins and arteries. Retroperitoneal structures include the rest of the duodenum, the ascending colon, the descending colon, the middle third of the rectum, and the remainder of the pancreas. Other organs located in the retroperitoneal space are the kidneys, adrenal glands, proximal ureters, and renal vessels Retroperitoneal infections caused by surgery and trauma are relatively frequent. In China, the rate of organ/space infection during abdominal surgery is approximately 1.5%, which is even higher in emergency surgery [24,25]. Surgery and trauma of the retroperitoneal and intraperitoneal organs are more likely to lead to retroperitoneal infection

Retroperitoneal bleeding occurs when blood enters into space immediately behind the posterior reflection of the abdominal peritoneum. The organs of this space include the esophagus, aorta, inferior vena cava, kidneys, ureters, adrenals, rectum, parts of the duodenum, parts of the pancreas, and parts of the colon Most of the organs that are covered by the peritoneum are known as intraperitoneal organs. The peritoneum is composed of a layer formed from mesothelium and is supported by the means of a thin connective tissue. In addition to the above, the peritoneum is also responsible for developing the key support of the abdominal organs The Retroperitoneal space technically is outside of the peritoneum, between the abdomen and the back. It sometimes is referred to as the retroperitoneum or extraperitoneal because of its location. This space is not specifically delineated by any abdominal structure. Retroperitoneal Organs. Retroperitoneal Organs - Mnemonic Development of the human retroperitoneal fasciae Cells Tissues Organs. 2009;190(5):286-96. doi: 10.1159/000209231. Epub 2009 Mar 24. Authors Akio Matsubara 1 , Gen Murakami, Hitoshi Niikura, Yusuke Kinugasa, Mineko Fujimiya, Tsuguru Usui. Affiliation 1 Department of. Retroperitoneal Fibrosis Retroperitoneal fibrosis is an uncommon collagen vascular disease of unknown cause that can mimic a retroperitoneal tumor. Retroperitoneal fibrosis is typically idiopathic (>70% of cases) and is likely autoimmune in origin

Characterization of the Retroperitoneal Space. The first step is to decide whether the tumor is located within the retroperitoneal space. It is useful to observe the displacement of normal anatomic structures (, 1).Anterior displacement of retroperitoneal organs (eg, kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, ascending and descending colon, pancreas, portions of the duodenum) strongly suggests that the. Which of the following organs is retroperitoneal? A. pancreas B. ascending colon C. duodenum D. descending colon E. All of these choices are correct 70. Which of the following attaches the liver to the anterior abdominal wall? A. greater omentum B. lesser omentum C. coronary ligament D. falciform ligament E. round ligament 71. The oral cavity A. H. Colledge The kidneys, adrenal glands, bladder and ureters are called retroperitoneal organs because they lie behind the peritoneum. The peritoneum is a continuous thin sheet of tissue, or membrane, which lines the cavities of the abdomen and pelvis, and covers the surfaces of the organs found within.It produces a lubricating fluid, called serous fluid, which enables the guts to move freely.

Retroperitoneal space - Wikipedi

Retroperitoneal inflammation. Retroperitoneal inflammation causes swelling that occurs in the retroperitoneal space. Over time, it can lead to a mass behind the abdomen called retroperitoneal fibrosis. The retroperitoneal space is in front of the lower back and behind the abdominal lining (peritoneum). Organs in this space include the peritoneum ( plural peritoneums or peritonea) (anatomy) In mammals, the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and that is folded over the viscera. (zoology) In animals, the membrane lining the coelom cavity The peritoneal and retroperitoneal spaces are assessed throughout the ultrasound examination of the entire abdomen. The abdominal lymph nodes (lymphocenters), which are located throughout the abdomen, drain specific regional organs and areas Retroperitoneal tumors are often massive and can involve adjacent organs and/or vital structures, making them difficult to resect. Completeness of resection is within the surgeon's control and critical for long-term survival, particularly for malignant disease. Few studies directly address strategies for complete and safe resection of challenging retroperitoneal tumors

Spatiul retroperitoneal. Bursa omentală. Question 12. Question. Care din organele enumerate sunt amplasate in spațiul retroperitoneal. Answer. Duodenul. Rinichii si suprarenalele. Ureterele. Ficatul. Aorta şi vena cavă inferioară. Question 13. Question. Tubului digestiv i se disting părțile Retroperitoneal Structures. Retroperitoneal structures include the rest of the duodenum, the ascending colon, the descending colon, the middle third of the rectum, and the remainder of the pancreas. Other organs located in the retroperitoneal space are the kidneys, adrenal glands, proximal ureters, and renal vessels The peritoneal membrane, and the organs that it contains, are swept to the side to expose the aorta, vena cava and the lumbar spine. Retroperitoneal Spinal Exposure Advantages. This retroperitoneal approach avoids cutting or entering the peritoneal membrane and significantly reduces the risks of a post-operative abdominal infection Major organs that are retroperitoneal include the kidneys, bladder, pancreas, portions of the colon, and the adrenal glands. At this level 85% of tumors are malignant, and of these, 50% are sarcomas. The lymphatic system responsible for draining these organs, as well as the abdominal musculature, of lymph is found not only adjacent to the.

TUMORI PERIAMPULARE

Retroperitoneal organs are held against the posterior abdominal wall with a layer och parietal peritoneum. This is not the case for the gallbladder, which is suspended to the liver in the. The kidneys are a pair of organs whose purpose is to help maintain balance in the body through a variety of functions. The most well known job of the kidneys is that of a filtration system. The. Schwannoma is a rare benign tumor that comes from the SCHWANN cells that sheath the peripheral nerves. Retroperitoneal location is even rarer than the frequency of this neoplasia. The diagnosis is immuno-histochemical and the treatment is surgical. We report the case of a 36-year-old patient with abdominal pain and transit disorders for 4 months The retroperitoneal space is a potential space extending posterior to the abdominopelvic cavity. The tissue within this mixed potential and actual space is composed of: Lymphatics and loose connective tissue. Organs that are partially or completely retroperitoneal include: • • • • Pancreas, kidney, Adrenal glands, Ureters

2. Supuratiile retroperitoneale cu punct de plecare din supuratii grave perineale Unele flegmoane ischio-rectale uni sau bilaterale in conditii de imunosupresie sau virulenta exacerbata a micorganismelor (anaerobe) pot duce la propagarea infectiei dupa bariera muschilor levatori anali spre spatiul pelvisubperitoneal si ulterior retroperitonial MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study included 190 patients with retroperitoneal liposarcoma. Influence of malignancy grade, lesion of adjacent organs and resection/excision of adjacent organs on the overall and recurrence-free survival was studied. Moreover, we analyzed the issue of kidney-sparing surgery and nephrectomy Solution for Which of the following organs are not retroperitoneal?a. adrenal glands c. kidneys e. stomachb. urinary bladder d. pancrea Retroperitoneal fibrosis is characterized by chronic inflammation and fibrosis infiltrating the retroperitoneal organs. It is most commonly idiopathic. However, certain drugs like ergotamine and etanercept, infections like tuberculosis, and malignancies like lymphomas, can also lead to retroperitoneal fibrosis [3,9,13] (Table 1 ) Disclaimer. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only

An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon Cavity organs outside peritoneal cavity. cavity - Organs outside peritoneal cavity → retroperitoneal organs Peritoneum has large folds → secure organs together e to abdominal walls + Peritoneal holds. : mesentery , meso colon , falciform ligament , greater omentum e lesser omentum - Mesentery. : holds small intestine to posterior abdominal. The Peritoneum: The peritoneum is a name given to a portion of the abdominal cavity. This cavity contains organs that are lined with a serous peritoneal membrane

Durerea pelvina barbati, cistita interstitiala: nu

Intraperitoneal: peritonealized organs having a mesentery, such as the stomach, small intestine (jejunum and ileum), transverse colon, liver and gallbladder. Retroperitoneal: organs without a mesentery and associated with posterior body wall, such as the aorta, inferior vena cava, kidneys and suprarenal glands Science Quiz / Intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal organs Random Science or Anatomy Quiz Can you name the Intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal organs? by lew73 Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle . Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . Forced Order Support Sporcle. Go Orange.. WorkplaceTesting explains Retroperitoneal. An anatomic orientation term, retroperitoneal refers to that portion of the abdomen that is outside, or behind, the peritoneal lining. The peritoneum is a membrance that encases most of the abdominal organs in a sack-like structure. Those organs outside or behind this tissue are retroperitoneal organs

Retroperitoneal organs are found behind the peritoneum, between it and the abdominal wall. These include the kidneys, adrenals, and pancreas.Primarily retroperitoneal:urinary adrenal. Retroperitoneal Leiomyosarcoma. The peritoneum is the serous membrane which lines the cavity of the abdomen and covers the abdominal organs. The retroperitoneal space - also called the retroperitoneum - is the anatomical space in the abdominal cavity behind the peritoneum Retroperitoneal ultrasound (US) studies represent the ultrasonic imaging of retroperitoneal organs for the diagnosis and management of abnormalities that occur within the retroperitoneum. A complete retroperitoneal US study visualizes all the structures or organs within the anatomic description of that study. A limited study involves an imaging. If the physical exam has primary findings for the involvement of non-retroperitoneal structures/organs (gallbladder, liver, spleen, common bile duct, etc.), even though it may be necessary to visualize retroperitoneal structures in the course of the procedure, a full abdominal US would be required in most cases to be diagnostic, and that is th Malignant retroperitoneal tumors account for approximately 0.1 % of all malignancies and are more common than benign tumors in the retroperitoneal space [6, 7].Retroperitoneal sarcomas account for 90 % of mesodermal primary retroperitoneal malignancies, with liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma making up more than 80 % of these tumors [1, 8]

Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare inflammatory disorder in which abnormal formation of fiber-like tissue (fibrosis) occurs behind the membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen (peritoneum). This abnormal tissue growth often spreads to affect the tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder (ureters) Your hospital stay may be lengthy. Retroperitoneal inflammation is a serious condition that can have life-threatening consequences. Serious complications can arise when inflammation affects the organs in your abdomen, such as your abdominal aorta. This is the large blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood to the lower half of your body Retroperitoneal organs are found behind the peritoneum, between it and the abdominal wall. These include the kidneys, adrenals, and pancreas. Organs that were once suspended within the abdominal cavity by mesentery but migrated posterior to the peritoneum during the course o Some organs protrude into the abdominal cavity, but are not encased in visceral peritoneum. The kidneys lay in this type of position and are said to in a retroperitoneal location. The term mesentery tends to be used as a generic term describing peritoneal extensions not only from the intestine (as - entery implies), but from all abdominal and.

Organe retroperitoneale - ROmedi

Extraperitoneal: retroperitoneal, subperitoneal

Perforated bowel or diseases of the retroperitoneal organs may be complicated by retroperitoneal abscess formation. Six cases of retroperitoneal abscess treated at Ife University Teaching Hospital. Retroperitoneal organs These organs are outside the peritoneal cavity and only their anterior surface is covered by visceral peritoneum, e.g., kidneys, ureters, aorta. Secondarily retroperitoneal organs These organs are similar to retroperitoneal organs in their relationship to the peritoneal cavity but acquire their position during development. Retroperitoneal sarcomas occur in the retroperitoneum. This is an area behind the peritoneum, the lining of the abdominal space that covers the abdominal organs. The retroperitoneum is deep in the abdomen and pelvis, behind the abdominal lining, where organs such as the major blood vessels, kidneys, pancreas and bladder are located

What are retroperitoneal organs? - Quor

RPTs sometimes involve retroperitoneal organs, such as the kidneys, adrenal glands, pancreas and intrapelvic organs (the bladder, uterus, ovaries, prostate, etc). Invasive RPTs also involve major retroperitoneal lumen structures, such as the abdominal aorta, inferior vena cava and ureters. 2 RPTs are divided into benign and malignant tumors. Retroperitoneal liposarcoma is a rare tumor with an incidence of 2.5 per million individuals. Early diagnosis is difficult as there is an absence of specific clinical presentations. The present case study reports a patient diagnosed with retroperitoneal liposarcoma who was treated by complete surgical resection and relapsed 3 months following the surgery

Overview of Enlarged Retroperitoneal Lymph Node

Q: Could you shed some light on the codes of K66.1, retroperitoneal hematoma, an MCC, and R58, retroperitoneal hemorrhage, which is not considered a CC or an MCC? If both are documented within the same medical record, is this considered a conflict between two different diagnoses or is one considered more specific? Both are non-traumatic. Is the hematoma code more appropriat The retroperitoneum is a closed space harbouring vital organs including the great vessels, kidneys and adrenal glands, ureters, and the ascending and descending colon. Surgical management of retroperitoneal pathologies may need multiorgan resection in order to achieve complete surgical resection while preservation of surrounding organs should. retroperitoneal organs. In this case the posterior aspect of . the stomach was locally in ltrated as it lay in the stomach . Figure 1: Cys c teratoma (15kg, 15cm x 10cmx 6cm) retroperitoneum. Retroperitoneal tumors are divided into benign tumors and malignant tumors, including retroperitoneal sarcoma. Approximately 70-80% of primary retroperitoneal soft-tissue tumors are malignant; however, these only account for 0.1- 0.2% of all malignancies. Retroperitoneal sarcoma is an orphan malignant disease with a low. 1. True or False: The kidneys are retroperitoneal organs? 2...In both sexes, the relative position of the urinary bladder to other abdominopelvic organs can best be viewed in what type of section of the female and male pelvic cavities? (choose one) Anterior Posterior Medial Mid-sagittal 3.

The three peritoneal locations: intraperitoneal, secondary

The parietal peritoneum is the outer layer of the peritoneum posterior to which lies the retroperitoneal organs. the retroperitoneal organs are the Suprarenal glands, Duodenum, Pancreas (except the tail), Kidneys, Ureters, Colon (ascending and descending parts.), Oesophagus, Aorta The Peritoneal Space. Paul M. Frank. The peritoneum, a thin, serous membrane, is divided into parietal, visceral, and connecting layers, which are all continuous. 1 The parietal peritoneum covers the inner surface of the abdominal cavity and is closely adhered to abdominal musculature; it separates extraperitoneal and intraperitoneal spaces. The visceral peritoneum covers the organs of the. tissue is present between the organs. The retroperitoneal space is potentially large and, therefore, retroperitoneal tumors can grow considerably before manifesting clinical signs and symptoms. Some sarcomas arise more commonly within the retroperitoneum than others. Sarcomas that occur relatively commonly versus rarely are shown in Table1 Retroperitoneal organs are those organs, which may have peritoneum on one or more sides, but are not suspended by peritoneum. These retroperitoneal organs are usually embedded in subserous fascia in the body wall. Retroperitoneal organs may initially develop in a retroperitoneal position or they may initially develop as intraperitoneal organs.

Retroperitoneal hemorrhage is a somewhat uncommon but potentially life-threatening event. It can develop after an external injury to the abdomen, or as a result of various intrinsic conditions of neoplastic, iatrogenic, or autoimmune origin, in which case the term spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage is used. The severity of symptoms depends on the extent of bleeding, but abdominal pain. Retroperitoneal Organs. Organs are described as retroperitoneal if they are located behind the parietal peritoneum. Retroperitoneal organs include: the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, part of the oesophagus, rectum, ovaries, uterus, aorta and caudal Vena Cava. Links. Click here for information on the pathology of the. Which of the following organs is retroperitoneal? asked Sep 27, 2016 in Anatomy & Physiology by skyvandros. anatomy-and-physiology; A 43-year-old woman is admitted to a hospital because of deep abdominal pain in her epigastric region. On examination, it is observed that a retroperitoneal infection erodes an artery that runs along the superior.